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RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS


High pH is characterised by a decrease pCO2,primarly due to hypdrventilation.Compdnsatory renal responses lead to increase excretion and decreased serum bicarbonate levels.Sever respiratory alkalosis may result in light headedness parasthesia ,numbness,tetany ,convulsion.

CAUSES :-
1) stimulation of respiratory centre caused by fever , anxiety or cerebral tumour.
2) drugs such as salicylates and theophylline
3) hypoxia caused by sever anemia or high altitude .
4) pulmonary disorders such as asthma , pneumonia , bronchiolitis
5) fulminant gram negative septicemia

MANAGEMENT :-
Directed at underlyin disorder.

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